During the 19th century, the discoveries of ancient archaeological finds influenced what is referred to as "archaeological revival jewelry," or "Egyptian revival jewelry." The initial Egyptian Revival period flourished from the 1820s onward, and was inspired by ancient Egyptian imagery, such as the scarab beetle, sphinxes, pharaohs, and hieroglyphics.
Austrian born, Carl Bacher was the son of Joseph Bacher, a well-known Viennese jeweler during the 1870s. Together, they produced incredible and award-winning works of jewelry in the Egyptian Revival style, which were featured in expositions worldwide. Their attention to detail includes impeccable use of gold and enamel, Etruscan and Castellani work and artistic designs that combine history with fashion and beauty.
This incredible pharaoh pin is an extraordinary example of Carl Bacher's work from the Victorian Egyptian Revival (ca1880) era! The pin, which is crafted in 14kt yellow gold, holds an intricately hand carved carnelian stone in the shape of a female pharaoh with outstretched arms and folded legs. The carved stone features wonderful details, including a stoic facial expression, muscular arms, and clenched hands and displays a rich, deep orange color with a light, translucent quality. Four gold bands wrap around her arms, appearing as if they attach to a feathered motif that hangs below her outstretched arms. The "feathers" are embellished with gorgeous white, green, and deep red enameled cells, which are separated by fine twisted rope wirework. The pharaoh's ornate headdress forms the shape of a bird whose feathered bodice adorns complimentary enameled cells and a line of accent diamonds trail down the side of its open wing, a wonderful sparkling detail. On the back of the piece is a secure bar pin clasp, making it easy to fasten the brooch to a favorite garment. Stamped on the back of the pin is "585" and the slightly faded Carl Bacher's hallmark, "J|B." Two Austrian touchmarks are found on the bar pin, including one with a "W" indicating that it was assayed in Vienna and a "4" indicating its 14kt carat weight. This fantastic pin is a truly outstanding piece by Carl Bacher, showing exquisite detail and exemplary craftsmanship. It would be perfect for any Egyptian Revival collector, and would make a very impressive addition to any jewelry collection!
Measurements: The pin measures approximately 1" tall, about 2" wide, and has a depth of approximately 1/8".
Condition: The overall condition of the pin is excellent. Besides normal surface wear, there is no apparent damage to the gold setting, enamel work or to the carnelian stones and diamonds, which are all intact. The pin and safety clasp is secure and in good working order.